News Literacy Project and AASLS and Information Fluency guidelines
I think the concepts of lateral reading, critical observation and reverse image combined with PEP (Patience, Empathy, Perseverance) promoted by the News Literacy Project, plus following the AASL standards of inquiry, inclusion, collaboration, curation, exploration and engagement can help us teach our students and staff how to identify and vet credible information sources. It's a work that cannot be simplify to a couple of lessons, tools or apps but an in depth work with students and teachers on both, how to have academic integrity, and be kind. Teaching students from the beginning of their schooling with age appropriate materials and methodologies the many ways to recognise facts from opinions, fiction from real, and the sources of their information is crucial. Those skills are building blocks for middle school and beyond. Teach students to think critically, and collaborate in the creation of knowledge, how they can be good citizens, all that is embedded in the likelihood that they will become creators of fake news, or on the contrary, mindful people that are responsible on the way they consume and create information. I think that librarians as expert of information can help the greater community find common ground. We follow a code of ethics and the principles of free speech, we resist censorship, we open barriers, we provide diverse reading material and sources with different perspectives. In many schools, with cut of budget, certified librarians have been laid off. School Libraries don't have budget to update their collections, and in many of them the resources are not only old but with misinformation, or racist concepts and opinions. Teachers have turned to the internet because the school library is of no use; students don't check out books because is not a librarian in charge of motivating and teaching them how to use the resources, and also because who wants to read a book that was published in 1991, looks old, not attractive, and doesn't mirror or open any window to the world? Libraries and librarians need to have a place in schools, that is not the romantic idea of a space filled with books, but a vibrant place (physical and virtual) where technology and print are seamless, and where the library team can provide services, collection and places where inquiry, sharing of ideas, collaboration, critical thinking and kindness are their pillars and where the greater community is welcomed and participates actively.